A secret cloud base: Russia creates online topographic storage in the army
MOSCOW, (BM) – Russian troops will have at their disposal “cloud atlases.” The Ministry of Defense is currently engaged in the formation of a topographic online repository, learned BulgarianMilitary.com citing news agency Izvestia.
It will store maps of all scales, as well as 3D terrain models. Now the headquarters of the military districts, armies and divisions have operational access to such information.
But in the near future it will be received by fighters of reconnaissance groups that are located behind enemy lines. As a source in the defense department told Izvestia, the first stage of creating an electronic map base has already been completed.
It operates only on the military Internet – a communication system that is officially called the “Closed Data Transmission Segment” (CDTS).
In modern conditions, command and control, as well as operations planning, are impossible without up-to-date maps, said Viktor Murakhovsky, editor-in-chief of Arsenal of the Fatherland magazine.
“The map is the commander’s main working tool,” the expert is sure. – “Only with its help it is possible to accurately determine the areas and lines that troops should occupy. When planning actions, an officer or general must first determine his place of deployment. All other steps are taken based on this. A verbal description of the area will not work here – the probability of error, which will lead to a loss of control, is very large. New technologies will help commanders get cards almost instantly – this will seriously improve the controllability of troops. “
With the advent of electronic storages, there will be no need to print cards in advance for all occasions, store them in warehouses, and, if necessary, transport them to the troops by trucks, military expert Oleg Zheltonozhko said.
“Now, having arrived at a new place, the commander will immediately receive a map in electronic form and will orient himself on the ground,” the specialist explained. – “If necessary, it can be printed in the required number of copies even in the field – there is such an opportunity. The army has received compact equipment that allows you to quickly do this.”
Information will be transmitted through closed channels, which will make it possible to obtain cards in the conditions of electronic countermeasures. Even if satellite navigation is suppressed in war zones, the expert concluded.
Information from the “cloud”
As Izvestia previously wrote, the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation are completing the formation of a closed “cloud” storage for official and classified information. Now the army is creating a network of geographically distributed disaster-resistant data processing centers (GDDRDPC) – this is where electronic maps and 3D models will be located. It is planned that it will be connected to theCDTS.
Such a storage system will protect the data from destruction as much as possible. While at least one segment of the GDDRDPC will operate, the entire data array will be available to users.
Each segment is, in fact, an autonomous data center. Hosting providers and telecom operators have similar structures. Inside GDDRDPC it will be possible in several seconds to transmit huge amounts of information. It implements the technology of big data (big data) and involve high-performance computing systems. Inside the network, the military deployed an e-mail service with secure transmission of classified data, including documents with the “Special Importance” stamp.
The data center of GDDRDPC is actually an impenetrable “cyber fortress”. The rooms with the servers will have reliable security, autonomous power supply, cooling systems and fire safety. Access to them is strictly limited. Computers working with CDTS are protected from connections of “extraneous” flash drives and other external media. All software is exclusively Russian. Access to information in the digital storage will be possible only through PCs that are certified by the state security service.
Sensors will help
In order for the troops to be able to use the most relevant topographic information in the field, an automated system of high-precision electronic maps and 3D terrain models “Apsheronsk-2015” was deployed.
When creating and updating electronic maps and 3D models, information from optical, infrared, laser and radar sensors is used. As a rule, they are installed on reconnaissance satellites, combat aircraft, drones and ships.
Thanks to their work, the officer can see on the screen of a special tablet or laptop a detailed and accurate digital map. 3D-models make it possible to evaluate the terrain and take into account its features when conducting military operations. In particular, they help determine the most convenient extension directions or possible threatened directions, where you should wait for the enemy’s strike. It also allows you to target artillery and aircraft.
The main advantage of Apsheronsk 2015 is the efficient creation of relevant, reliable, accurate and readable digital information. To organize the interaction of interspecific groupings of troops and the successful work of headquarters, this system can generate 3D terrain models – they will be especially useful in the development and conduct of large-scale operations.
Geospatial information systems are still used in the preparation of military operations. They allow you to provide headquarters and commanders with relevant, constantly updated digital maps.
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